Why Farming Matters

Drama, drought and deluge

Refers to page 11 in the booklet

This activity requires some knowledge of the farm environment and so might be a good follow up activity to a farm visit.

Some sample answers:

 

Summer drought

Winter gale

Torrential rain

Trees

Lose leaves early

Wilt

Leaves scorched

Affects long-term growth

Bend

Lose weak branches

Some topple

Impact of falling e.g. on roads

Enjoy extra water

Can become waterlogged

Wheat

Low yields

Poor quality

But scientists developing drought tolerant species

Low yields

Poor quality

 

Low yields

Poor quality

If near harvest, grain may need drying – extra cost and higher food prices

Hedges

Lose leaves

Leaves scorched

Impact on shelter for birds and mammals later in the year

Can stand strong and provide much needed shelter for birds, mammals and livestock (sheep and cattle)

Can stand strong and provide much needed shelter for birds, mammals and livestock (sheep and cattle)

Butterflies

Fewer numbers

Threat of injury or death

Need to shelter, hide under leaves etc.

Threat of injury or death

Need to shelter, hide under leaves etc.

Birds

Fewer insects and fish to feed birds

Fail to breed

Migrate early

Small birds suffer from hypothermia (pockets of air under feathers become filled with water)

Nests and breeding grounds destroyed

Cattle

Smaller, fewer, thinner as less grass available

Farmer needs to use winter feed stocks so increase in food prices

Cattle need more energy to stay warm

More cattle feed required, so increases in costs

Dampness can increase risk of spread of disease

Stream

Drying up

Impact on environment – fewer fish and water borne insects to feed birds etc

Flooding can contaminate fresh water supplies

Damage to fields

Flooding